Purpleheart - Peltogyne spp.
Guyana Name – Purpleheart
Trade Name – Purpleheart
MVG Name – Purpleheart
MVG Code – PRH
Botanical Name – Peltogyne Venosa
DBD 12% kg/m3 – 870
Janka Hardness (lbs) – 3.920
Bending 12% Psi – 19.220
Elasticity 12% 1000 Psi – 2.270
Crushing 12% Psi – 10.320
Botanical name: Peltogyne spp.
Family: Caesalpiniaceae (Leguminosae)
Vernacular name (Guyana): Purpleheart
International trade name: Amarante
Dull brown when freshly cut and rapidly oxidizes to violet-purple on exposure to light, gradually
toning down in course of time to dark purplish-brown. The sapwood is whitish or cream coloured and
grain is generally straight, sometimes wavy or interlocked. The texture is moderate to fine. The bole
is 15-27m in length, cylindrical; diameter 45-90 (-150) cm.
Physical and Mechanical Properties
Wood is very tough, strong and resilient:
� Air dried density (12%) – 840 kg/m3
� Bending strength (at 12%) – 155 N/mm2
� Modulus of elasticity (at 12%) – 16860 N/mm2
� Compression parallel to grain – 78.5 N/mm2
� Crushing strength (at 12%) – 79 N/mm2
� Shock resistance- medium.
Highly resistant to decay, termites and fire. The heartwood is very durable and extremely resistant
to preservatives while the sapwood is permeable.
Drying – Dries well and fairly rapidly with little degrade. Kiln Schedule E.
Working – Moderately difficult to work. There is a moderate blunting effect when sawing. Planes
and turns well, finishes smoothly and takes a high polish.
Assembly – It takes glue well and holds nails and screws satisfactorily.
Finishing – Gives good results when lacquered or polished.
Possesses high strength and very good durability. It is an excellent structural timber suitable for
heavy outdoor construction work such as bridges, docks work and park benches. As flooring, it has
high wearing qualities and is suitable for most conditions of traffic. Has been used successfully in
chemical plants for vats, filter press plates and frames. Also used for making billiard cue butts, tool
handles, interior and exterior joinery and ship-building. A valuable wood for its attractive
appearance and its strength.
Availability & Location
Regular average supplies are available. Throughout Guyana, and abundant in the Essequibo-Demerara
and the Cuyuni-Supenaam region.